Guide to Conveyancing

GUIDE TO CONVEYANCING

Guide to Capital Gains Tax

Guide to Mortage Bonds

Guide to Property Vehicles and Tax

Guide to buying Property as a Non-Resident

Guide to Conveyancing

       

WHAT IS CONVEYANCING?

Conveyancing describes the legal process whereby a purchaser becomes the lawfully registered owner of immovable property. It furthermore encompasses the cancellation and registration of mortgage bonds.

Only an attorney who is also a conveyancer may attend to the conveyancing of property and the registration of mortgage bonds. The conveyancer is usually appointed by the Seller to transfer the immovable property although this can be negotiated between the parties.

 

STEPS IN THE CONVEYANCING PROCESS

The first requirement of the process to start is a valid deed of sale. Such deed of sale will guide the conveyancer in the performance of his duty. A deed of sale is an agreement between a Seller and a Purchaser, reduced to writing and containing the conditions for the purchase and sale of an immovable property. It normally takes the form of a document entitled “Offer to Purchase”, which, once signed by a Purchaser and Seller, becomes a Deed of Sale.

 

As soon as the Conveyancer receives the Deed of Sale, he will prepare the necessary documents to give effect to transfer and will then contact both the Purchaser and Seller for signing. The documents to be signed will include the following:

(i) Power of Attorney by the Seller to Pass Transfer

(ii) Affidavits by the Seller and Purchaser in respect of their solvency, marital  status, identity numbers, income tax numbers, and physical and postal addresses

(iii) Transfer Duty and/or Value Added Tax

(iv) Bond documents

(v) FICA documents

 

When the above documents are ready, the Conveyancer will arrange an appointment       for the signature of the documents. During the appointment, the Conveyancer will  present his account to the Purchaser for settlement.

 

As soon as the above costs have been paid, the Conveyancer will pay the necessary transfer duty to SARS and apply electronically for a transfer duty receipt. The Conveyancer will furthermore  pay all rates and taxes on the property to the end of the current rates year and apply for a Rates Clearance Certificate.

On receipt of the Transfer Duty receipt and Rates Clearance Certificate, the Conveyancer will draft the new Deed of Transfer and then lodge all documents via a correspondent in the Deeds Office for examination, which examination takes approximately 12 – 15 working days

Simultaneously with lodgement of the transfer documents in the Deeds Office, all present mortgage bonds to be cancelled and new bonds to be registered, will also be lodged.

 

EXISTING BONDS

On receipt of a new Deed of Sale, the Conveyancer will immediately conduct a Deeds Office search to inter alia obtain full details of the mortgage bonds held over the property. They will then ask the present bondholder (normally a bank) to advise them of the amount required to pay off the existing bond, and request them to instruct their attorneys to prepare documents for the cancellation of the existing bond.

The bondholder will in due course advise the Conveyancer of the exact amount required for the cancellation of the bond. The Conveyancer will then either provide the attorneys of the bondholder with a guarantee or an undertaking for the amount required to cancel the bond.

 

NEW BOND

After the Deed of Sale has been signed by both parties, the purchaser, if he requires a mortgage bond to finance the Purchase Price, will apply directly to a bank or through a mortgage originator for a bond. After approval of such bond the bank will appoint attorneys who will prepare their own documentation and arrange for the Purchaser to sign same and pay their costs.

 

LODGEMENT AND REGISTRATION

Cancellation of the existing bond, transfer of the property and registration of a new bond, happens simultaneously in the deeds office. The Deeds Office is a government registry of immovable property and all right in such property. The personnel in the deeds office will scrutinize all documents to ensure that they comply with all relevant legislation and regulations. When they are satisfied, the Conveyancer will be informed and transfer of the property can be registered in the name of the purchaser. The existing bond and new bond (if applicable) are registered simultaneously.

 

WHAT ARE THE COSTS INVOLVED?

The cost relating to the transfer of immovable property falls into two main categories. A distinction must be drawn between professional fees and disbursements made by the Conveyancer on behalf of the parties.

The professional fees charged by the Conveyancer are in accordance with guidelines prescribed by the Legal Practice Council, which makes provision for a sliding scale based on the price of the property. The Purchaser usually pays the professional fees.

Disbursements will normally be transfer duty or value added tax, and pro-rata rates and/or levies payable to the relevant local authority and/or body corporate.

The Conveyancer collects the following funds before registration from the Purchaser and Seller:

•       The Seller

-       Outstanding amounts due to the local authority and/or Body Corporate

-       Bond cancellation cost

 

•       The Purchaser

-       Pro-rata provision for rates and taxes and/or levies due to the local authority and/or Body Corporate

-       Registration fees of the Deeds Office

-       Professional fees

-       Transfer duty and/or VAT

Transfer duty, calculated as follows, based on the purchase price and which is also available on our website:

R0 – 900 000 0%
R900 001 – R1250 000 3% of the value above R900 000
R1 250 001 – R1750 000  R10 500 plus 6% of the value above R1 250 000
R1 750 001 – R2250 000   R40 500 plus 8% of the value above R1 750 000
R2 250 001 – R10 000 000  R80 500 plus 11% of the value above R2 250 000
R10 000 001 and above  R933 000 plus 13%of the value above R 10 000 000

      

 

                     

           

 

 

 

 

 

HOW LONG DOES THE PROCESS TAKE:

Conveyancing is a complex field requiring knowledge, skill and attention to detail on the part of the Conveyancer.

 

A number of parties are involved, such as:

•       The seller (and spouse)

•       The purchaser (and spouse)

•       The institution which previously gave the bond to the seller (and the conveyancer acting on its behalf)

•       The Receiver of Revenue

•       The municipality or local authority

•       The institution which gives the new bond to the purchaser (and the conveyancer acting on its behalf)

•       Estate agent

•       Conveyancer(s)

•       Registrar of Deeds

•       The buyer of the purchaser’s previous property (which the purchaser had to sell to obtain the cash portion of the purchaser price)

•       The conveyancer acting for the purchaser in that transaction

•       The institutions which gave and are giving the loans in that transaction (and their conveyancers) and so forth.

Very often there are a whole chain of transactions linked up in this fashion.

The Conveyancer has to complete the arrangements with all these parties. Because human beings and various institutions are involved in each instance, delays are possible ate any stage of the transaction. The Conveyancer knows exactly when and how to use legal methods to compel delaying parties to act more expeditiously.

It is important, therefore, that the purchaser should sign the documents and pay the required amounts as soon as the conveyancer calls on him to do so; this helps to ensure that there are no unnecessary delays.

The length of time it takes to get the transaction into the Deeds Office is dependent on the reaction time taken by each and every one of the mentioned parties. The usual time taken by the Deeds Office to inspect all the documents lodged by the different conveyancers for a specific transaction is twelve to fifteen working days

On average, the time taken to register the transfer of property, where a bond is involved, will be two to three months from the date that the conveyancer is instructed.

Unforeseen difficulties such as the death of one of the parties, attachment of the property by a creditor of the seller and so forth may cause the period to be extended.

 

WHY IS A CONVEYANCER NECESSARY?

Most people are accustomed to doing much of their personal business without the need of a legal or other adviser: However, a great deal is at stake in the transfer of fixed property. It is generally the largest single asset that a person owns and the transaction for the purchase or sale of a fixed property is probably the most important contract undertaken by individuals.

The law therefore, provides that only qualified conveyancers may attend to the transfer of fixed property and related transactions. This is not only to give proper protection to the rights and interest of the public, but also to safeguard the integrity of the South African land registration system, which is universally regarded as one of the best in the world.

When all the checks have been made, all the procedures followed by the conveyancer and the property has been registered in the name of the purchaser, the purchaser can be assured that he or she has the best title to the property.

The information contained in this Guide provides a brief summary. It is highly recommended that any Purchaser or Seller consult one of our expert property and tax attorneys prior to making an Offer to Purchase or accepting such Offer. This will enable us to help you, having due regard to your individual circumstances.

       

 

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